Bethlehem is a centre of the religious worship of Christians and a place of pilgrimages. Already II in. already about it a Martyr recalled Justynas. In years 132 - 135 the Cave of giving birth was rebuilt with Roman church of the Adonis. Built basilica of the Nativity in 326 of year by Great Constantine thanks of the św foundation. Helenas, in 529 was destroyed by Samaritans, in 550 of year rebuilt by Justyniana and Large, in 614 to Bethlehem Persians accessed the year, and from 637 Omar caliph who by the church built the mosque. In 1099 of year crusaders occupied Bethlehem, Greek clergymen were removed from the basilica, the city was being walled in, and in the XII century the basilica was extended by crusaders), whom the Cave of being born is under. In years 1187 - 1229 the city again was in hands of Muslims, in 1250 urban walls were demolished, the Cave of being born turned under common inspections Orthodox, of Catholics and Armenians, and at present up to inspections of the Orthodox Greek Orthodox church and Catholics.
In 1948 Bethlehem was included in Jordan, in 1967 Israel occupied the city, in 1973 a university was founded.
on 19 September 1989 Palestinian terrorists fired the machine-made weapon at the bus with German tourists, wounding 3 persons, later they threw stones at two days with German tourists wounding the next bus 2 persons. on 9 December 1990 Palestinian terrorists threw the bomb into the local army checkpoint, 1 Israeli soldier bent, and 20 persons were injured.
In 1995 the city was made over to Palestinians. In 2002 the church was occupied by the group of c 40 Palestinian fighters who sheltered there during the police action of Israeli armies - after 5 - week's siege they concluded an agreement, on the power of whom the part of fighters was sent to the Gaza, and a dozen or so they were deporting to European countries. After freeing the church in it several dozen established explosive charges were found. The city is from now on under the tightened control - the blockade of roads and periodic leading of the curfew. From 2006 the city entirely was surrounded 8 with one-metre long, concrete wall, the section of the wall is separating this 8 km is eating from Israeli areas.
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